Evaluation of Sleep Pattern among School Going Children Residing in New Delhi: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study
1Dr. Aastha Sehgal, Medical Student, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
3Dr. Amit Sachdeva Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
Abstract: Background: Sufficient sleep is essential in school children as it directly impacts mental and physical development. However, chronic sleep loss continues to increase in our country. This study was done to evaluate the sleep pattern among school going children of New Delhi. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in January to March 2022 among 400 students chosen using a simple random sampling procedure in New Delhi. Data was collected through school teachers based on their observation and analyzed using Epi info version 7. To predict the relationship between the Sleep pattern and its associated factors, a univariate analysis was done. At a p-value of 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Results: Present study included 180 (45%) females and 220 (55%) males school children from New Delhi. Among them 243(60.8%) were ≤ 10 Years while 157(39.2%) were >10 years old. In the present study, 198(49.5%) school children had adequate sleep hours of 6-8 hours, 174(43.5%) had sleep hours of more than 8 hours and 28(7%) had sleep duration of less than 6 hours. 364(91%) school children had onset of sleep with in 30 minutes after going to bed while 36(9%) had after 30 min or more than that. 251(62.7%) school children didn’t have habit of watching Mobile/TV before sleeping while 149(37.3%) had this habit . In the present study there was no significant difference in Average duration of sleep per day on a weekday, Onset of sleep after going to bed and Habit of watching Mobile/TV before sleeping among male and female school children. In the present study the school children who were less than 10 years had significantly more adequate duration of sleep of 6-8 hours and had onset of sleep with in 30 minutes after going to bed and significantly less habit of watching Mobile/TV before sleeping as compared to children who were more than 10 years old. In the present study, 216(54%) school children rate their sleep quality to highest of 5, 135(33.8%) rate to 4, 41(10.3%) rate to 3 and 8(2%) school children rate the sleep quality to 2. Conclusion: The sleep durations reported in the present study were lower or more than recommended sleep duration in many school children specially who were more than 10 years old.
Keywords: Pattern, Sleep Pattern, School Children, New Delhi.