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Go Back       Himalayan Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health | Volume:3 Issue:5 | Sept. 10, 2022
42 Downloads103 Views

DOI : 10.47310/Hjcmph.2022.v03i05.002       Download PDF       HTML       XML

Pattern of Screen Hours among School Going Children Residing in New Delhi: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study

Dr. Aastha Sehgal1, Dr. Archie Madan* and Dr. Amit Sachdeva2

1Dr. Aastha Sehgal, Medical Student, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

2Dr. Archie Madan, Medical Student, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

3Dr. Amit Sachdeva, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author

Dr. Archie Madan

Article History: | Received: 24.03.2021 | Accepted: 30.03.2021 | Published: 10.04.2022|

Abstract: Background: Screen-based media have become an important part of human lifestyle. In view of their easy availability, increasing use in Indian children & their excessive use is being linked to physical, developmental and emotional problems. Excessive screen hours has been found to be associated with various health problems in children. This study was done to evaluate the pattern of Screen hours among school going children of New Delhi. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in January to March 2022 among 400 students chosen using a simple random sampling procedure in New Delhi. Data was collected through school teachers based on their observation and analyzed using Epi info version 7. To predict the relationship between the screen hours and its associated factors, a univariate analysis was done. At a p-value of 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Results: Present study included 180(45%) females and 220(55%) males school children from New Delhi. Among them 243(60.8%) were ≤10 years while 157(39.2%) were >10 years old. Among the total 317(79.3%) school children had screen hours <2 hours per day while 83(20.7%) had ≥2 hours per day. 355(88.8%) school children watched TV <2 hours per day while 45(11.2%) watched ≥2 hours per day. 349(87.3%) school children using smart phone <2 hours per day while 51(12.7%) using ≥2 hours per day. 344(86.0%) school children had habit of internet surfing <2 hours per day while 56(14.0%) had ≥2 hours per day. 363(90.7%) school children play videogames/games on mobile <2 hours per day while 37(11.2%) play ≥2 hours per day. 251(62.7%) school children didn’t have habit of watching Mobile/TV before sleeping while 149(37.3%) had this habit. In the present study there was no significant difference duration of screen hours, duration of watching TV, Duration of using smart phone, duration internet surfing, duration of videogames/games on screen and habit of watching Mobile/TV before sleeping among male and female school children. Similarly, school children who were more older than 10 years had significantly more duration of screen hours, more duration of watching TV, more duration of using smart phone, more duration internet surfing and more often had habit of watching Mobile/TV before sleeping while there no significant difference between duration of videogames/games on screen according to age groups. Conclusion: The present study findings suggest that many school children were spending more than the recommended duration in front of screen and necessitates actions at family, school, community, government and policy level actions to reduce screen hours associated with smart phone , television, internet surfing and video game use.

Keywords: Pattern, Screen hours, School Children, New Delhi.

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