A Cross-Sectional Study to Assess the Awareness Regarding Thyroid Disorders among the General Population in the Northern State of India

Dr. Avneet Kaur1, Dr. Aastha Sehgal2 and Dr. Vivek Mittal*3

1Dr. Avneet Kaur, MBBS, Shri Guru Ram Rai Medical College, India

2Dr. Aastha Sehgal, MBBS, Lady Hardinge Medical College, India

3Dr. Vivek Mittal, MBBS, Dayanand Medical College, and Hospital, India (*Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding Author

Dr. Vivek Mittal

Article History

Received: 06.05.2022

Accepted: 20.05.2022

Published: 30.06.2022

Abstract: Background: Numerous endocrine conditions affect the thyroid. Most of the time, these ailments are not correctly diagnosed. Patients may generally go untreated because of a lack of knowledge and understanding of the impacts of thyroid disorders. This study intends to determine the general public's degree of knowledge of thyroid disease signs, risk factors, and preventive measures. Material & Methods: This cross-sectional survey of residents of Punjab was carried out between March 2022 and April 2022 using Google forms. Until 400 replies were gathered, the questionnaire was distributed among state citizens in rural and urban areas via email and social media sites such as WhatsApp groups, Facebook, Instagram, and LinkedIn. We collected data on their socio-demographic traits and awareness about Thyroid Disorders. Epi info v7 software was used to evaluate the data using the necessary statistical tests. Results: A total of 400 respondents participated in the study, with 237 (59.25%) coming from rural areas and 163 (40.75%) from urban areas. The majority's participants included 387 (96.75 percent) Hindus, 269 (67.25 percent) males, 173 (43.25 percent) people in their 18 to 30s, 155 (38.75 percent) graduates, 266 (66.5 percent) working people, 238 (59.5 percent) married people. In the current study, 76 (19.0 percent) of the participants had perfect awareness about Thyroid Disorders (32-40 marks), 169 (42.25 percent) had good awareness and perception (24-31 marks), 132 (33.0 percent) had fair awareness and perception (16-23 effects), and 23 (5.7 percent) had a poor understanding (<16 marks). Conclusion: The survey results showed that the general public's understanding of the thyroid gland, its functions, risk factors, causes of thyroid disease, clinical symptoms, and prevention of thyroid disorders were either insufficient or unsatisfactory. The current study supports public education initiatives and awareness efforts on thyroid problems.

Keywords: Assessment, Awareness, Thyroid Disorders, General Population, Punjab.