Awareness and Perception of Tuberculosis in a Northern State of India: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Dr. Vivek Mittal1, Dr. Avneet Kaur2 and Dr. Aastha Sehgal*3

1Dr. Vivek Mittal, MBBS, Dayanand Medical College, and Hospital, India

2Dr. Avneet Kaur, MBBS, Shri Guru Ram Rai Medical College, India

3Dr. Aastha Sehgal, MBBS, Lady Hardinge Medical College, India (*Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding Author

Dr. Aastha Sehgal

Article History: | Received: 01.07.2022 | Accepted: 18.07.2022 | Published: 30.08.2022|

Abstract: Background: One of the most significant global public health issues is Tuberculosis (TB). The community still has to be made aware of the problem if TB is to be prevented and controlled. The objective of this study was to evaluate this awareness among the general population of Punjab. Material & Methods: This cross-sectional survey of residents of Punjab was carried out between April 2022 and May 2022 using Google forms. Until 400 replies were gathered, the questionnaire was distributed among state citizens in rural and urban areas via email and social media sites such as Whatsapp groups, Facebook, Instagram, and Linkedin. We collected data on their socio-demographic traits and awareness about Tuberculosis. Epi info v7 software was used to evaluate the data using the necessary statistical tests. Results: A total of 400 respondents took part in the study, of whom 165 (41.25%) were from urban areas and 235 (58.75%) were from rural areas. 262 (65.5%) of the participants in the majority were male, 174 (43.5%) were between the ages of 18 and 30, 159 (39.75%) had a graduate degree, 259 (64.75%) were in the workforce, 248 (62%) were married, and 384 (96.0%) were Hindu. In the present study, 36 (9.0%) participants had very good (32-40 marks) awareness and Perception about Tuberculosis, 122 (30.5%) had good (24-31 marks), 147 (36.75%) had fair (16-23 marks) and 95 (23.75%) had poor (<16 marks) awareness and Perception about Tuberculosis. Conclusion: According to survey findings, the community's knowledge and perception of Tuberculosis (TB) and efforts to control it are often either insufficient or unsatisfactory.

Keywords: Awareness, Perception, Tuberculosis, general population, Punjab, Cross-sectional survey.