Impact of Plant Transfer Age and GA3 Consentration on Growth and Yield of Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) Sonar Varieties
Ainun Fitriya*, Djarwatiningsih , Sukendah
Agrotechnology Study Program, National Development University "Veteran" East Java, Indonesia
Jl. Rungkut Madya No. 1, Gunung Anyar, Surabaya 60294
Abstract: The important role of cayenne pepper as a type of vegetable in Indonesian agricultural commodities, with significant economic value and high demand . The consumption of cayenne pepper is increasing from year to year, but the supply is scarce or erratic, which is one of the causes that causes the price of cayenne pepper to fluctuate on the market. One of the alternative efforts to increase the production of cayenne pepper is through the use of agricultural cultivation engineering that combines the age of transplanting with the provision of ZPT. This research was conducted with the aim of identifying the optimal time for transplanting cayenne pepper ( Capsicum frustescens L.) and the optimal concentration of GA3 in influencing the growth and yield of these plants so as to increase the productivity of cayenne pepper. This research was carried out in August-December 2022 in Bogi Village, Sukodono District, Sidoarjo. This study used a randomized block design (RBD) with two factors, namely the age of transplanting and the concentration of GA3 with 9 treatment combinations repeated 3 times. The first factor is the age of transplanting, while the second factor is the GA3 concentration. The results showed that there was an interaction between transplanting age and GA3 concentration vegetative and generative research variables . Age move planting 21 HSS and GA3 concentration of 200 ppm get results best on variables study tall plants , quantity leaves , quantity interest , amount total fruit per plant , and weight total fruit per plant.
Keywords: Chili cayenne pepper , GA3 concentration , age move plant.